Why do finger joints hurt and what to do

The human hand is the most perfect tool that nature and evolution have ever invented. With the help of this "tool" an absolute number of manipulations are performed, which are necessary for life: from everyday to the finest. Therefore, the appearance of pain in the joints of the hands is a significant problem that overshadows the most common things.

pain in the joints of the fingers

Causes of possible pain

Of course, the pain syndrome does not arise from scratch and is caused by various lesions, such as:

  • arthritis;
  • rheumatism;
  • arthrosis;
  • gout;
  • various bruises, sprains, sprains and other mechanical damage.


The main signs of arthritis of the fingers, in addition to the manifestation of pain, include swelling, swelling and severe redness of the skin over the affected joint. According to the type of preconditions that cause arthritis, the disease is divided into infectious and rheumatoid.

Infectious arthritis

The cause of this manifestation is contamination with toxins and bacteria. Which got into the joint with the flow of blood or lymph. Therefore, the best prevention that will prevent the infection from entering the blood is to follow the basic rules of hygiene and asepsis. Otherwise, the affected joints are treated with antibiotics.

In addition, it is very important to understand one rule: if arthritis is suspected, then it is necessary to diagnose all adjacent tissues: ligaments, tendons and blood vessels, as well as the forearm, shoulder joint and wrist. Because the prerequisites for pain in the joints of the wrist can be hidden in the malfunction of the joints in one limb.

Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a consequence of the combined effects of various harmful factors, such as infections, strenuous physical activity and an unhealthy lifestyle. All these factors, as a rule, increase with age and lead a person's joints to "ticks", causing pain. In principle, there is currently no effective method of treating this disease, but remission is possible.


Rheumatism is known as a very unpleasant sudden sharp pain. He introduced this sharpness of his manifestations into the joints of the fingers, also accompanying the whole process with redness, swelling and impaired freedom of movement. Add to this a possible rash and fever and a complete picture of the disease will be drawn, the treatment of which is now possible only with the help of a doctor.


This disease is characterized by a gradual deformation of the joints in the hands. The disease develops gradually: in the beginning there is a slight pain, which gradually increases with age, accompanied by a feeling of stiffness in the joints and a gradual difficulty in the movement of the joints of the wrist, especially in the fingers. One of the most obvious signs is the symmetry of the pain: the joints hurt with both hands and the thumbs are affected first, and then everything in turn.

Gout on the hands

This cause, as a rule, is characteristic of the ankle joints, but is often found on the carpal joints. Gout is caused by a large deposition of purines in the joint tissue and joint fluid, purines are found in fatty meat products - this means that the cause of the disease may be due to improper eating behavior.

Generally speaking, all diseases lead to the following process: the thumb joint begins to suffer from pain syndrome, and over time all other fingers experience pain, at first the pain causes slight discomfort, but over time increases under the influence ofexternal and internal factors (cold, heat, fatigue) and leads to the inability to perform even the simplest manipulations with the fingers.

It's a pity, but just when the fingers are almost giving up, most people turn to clinics for qualified help.

For the treatment of pain in the joints of the fingers

If there is a problem when the joints of the fingers hurt, then its solution is possible only with your own desire and qualified services of a rheumatologist or osteopath. It is these two doctors, depending on the extent of the lesion, prescribe specific procedures and medications.

The list of basic actions in case of pain in the hands:

  • Visit to a doctor (surgeon, rheumatologist, osteopath);
  • Independent use of chondroprotectors;
  • The use of painkillers;
  • Gymnastic self-help exercises that allow you to gently develop the joints of the hands.

Chondoprotectors are special substances that replace damaged cartilage tissue by repairing it. This effect is achieved due to the specific composition of the preparations, whose active substance is very close to the structure of cartilage. In addition, the effect of the drug is enhanced by the content of mineral and vitamin complexes and extracts of medicinal herbs and plants, which are able to eliminate inflammation, pain and increase the overall tone of the joints.

Anesthesia is used, as a rule, in those situations when the pain is so severe that it makes it impossible to live normally. The pain can spread to foci to the wrist, forearm and shoulder.

An important rule in gymnastic manipulations is the gradual increase of the load from the smallest. In addition, the load increases in proportion to the capabilities of the joints under the supervision of the attending physician, self-control and proper calculation of their own strength are also important.

  • If the pain is caused by the manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis, then the most drastic measure is surgical treatment. Although in a very large percentage of cases the physical therapy of the affected joint, heating and acupuncture give very good results. Horizontal bar exercises and swimming have also been shown to dull rheumatoid arthritis and slow the progression of the disease.
  • Lesions caused by osteoarthritis are a little more difficult to treat because they are accompanied by deformity and the fact that the synovial fluid (joint lubrication) stops working. Against the background of these manifestations begins the breakdown of tissues around the joint. Treatment includes an integrated approach to the use of non-steroidal analgesics. If the pain is characterized by great strength, then pain relief can be applied internally. It is also mandatory to take chondroprotectors. An arthroscopy procedure is mandatory - local opening of the joint and visualization of the processes in the joint and its image on the screen.

It should be remembered that the attitude of the devil can take care in the initial stage will lead to a complication of treatment and possible loss of ability to work hands. Hand joints, like others, should be cared for from an early age.